images

The Chadian Chess Federation

48 ° member of AIDEF
Recently created in 2019, the Chadian Chess Federation applied for FIDE membership this year and has just been accepted as a member federation by the FIDE general assembly at the 90th Congress which held in late February 2020 in Abu Dhabi.

The young Chadian Chess Federation has also just applied for membership of the International Association of Francophone Chess.

All the criteria for joining our association having been met, it is no surprise that the 13 members of our Steering Committee unanimously accepted this application. Chad becomes our 48th member.

We thank President Abakar Abdelkerim Galma for his interest in our association and welcome all the Chadian chess players whom we hope to be able to welcome during the next "International Francophone Chess Meetings" planned for late December in Djerba - Tunisia.

Chad and the French:

The Republic of Chad is a country in Central Africa without access to the sea, bordering Libya in the north, Niger in the west, Nigeria in the west-southwest, Cameroon in the south-southwest , from the Central African Republic to the south and from Sudan to the east. Its capital is N'Djamena.

Geographically and culturally, Chad is a crossing point between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Covering an area of ​​1,284,000 km2, it is the fifth largest country in Africa.

Chad has 144 local languages, to which are added the two official languages ​​of the country, French since 1960 and Classic Arabic since 1978.

A form of Arabic, called Chadian Arabic, is used as a lingua franca especially in the North of the country and is spoken by 60% of the population (including 10% as mother tongue and 50% as second or vehicular language)

French, which was introduced into Chadian schools from 1911 and which has been the country's official language since independence, is the language of administration and education; although it is the mother tongue of only a minority, it is a second language which enjoys great vitality and which is the lingua franca of the south of the country, more urbanized. It is the language of the elite, and of well-to-do Chadians, it is widely used in the media, administration and business.

Chad joined the International Organization of La Francophonie in 1970 as a member state.

The 1990 Chadian Constitution recognizes Arabic and French as the country's official languages. There are, however, more than a hundred languages ​​in Chad, the largest number in the southern part where lives a very large majority of
population. The Frenchman, a legacy of the colonial era supported by the first president of independent Chad (Tombalbaye), remains well established in the southern regions of the country. Arabic was introduced as a second official language by the liberation front
national du Tchad (FROLINAT), mainly composed of "northerners", within the framework of the Khartoum peace agreements of 1978.

French is the language of administration, higher education, the media and the formal productive sector. The use of the French language allows Chad to anchor in Central Africa and its regional institutions.

In 1995, bilingualism officially became the rule in the education system. Its implementation remains complex, however, the reform appearing ambitious. The advanced figures for
the use or understanding of the Chadian Arabic is often unavailable. The latest figures from the Ministry of National Education (2016) indicate that the number of pupils enrolled in French-speaking establishments (preschool, primary, middle, secondary and technical) is 2,402,533 for a total number of pupils of 2 763,031, or almost 87% of the students.

The difficulties encountered in the Arabic-speaking regions which opted for the Arabization of their teaching somewhat hindered the establishment of courses entirely in Arabic. Bilingualism is officially understood as an effort by everyone to master the two languages ​​and not at least one or the other.